Working Groups

The CSA maintains Working Groups across 34 domains of Cloud Security.

Big Data Working Group

The Big Data Working Group (BDWG) will be identifying scalable techniques for data-centric security and privacy problems. BDWG’s investigation is expected to lead to crystallization of best practices for security and privacy in big data, help industry and government on adoption of best practices, establish liaisons with other organizations in order to coordinate the development…

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Cloud Component Specifications Working Group

From a user perspective, Cloud is a service. However, for Cloud Service Providers (CSPs), integrators and channel partners who construct or build the Cloud, the Cloud architecture is comprised of many Cloud computing components. Examples of these components are hypervisors, Cloud operating systems (CloudOS) components such as “Swift”, “Glance” for OpenStack, virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI)…

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Cloud Controls Matrix Working Group

The Cloud Security Alliance Cloud Controls Matrix (CCM) is specifically designed to provide fundamental security principles to guide cloud vendors and to assist prospective cloud customers in assessing the overall security risk of a cloud provider. The CSA CCM provides a controls framework that gives detailed understanding of security concepts and principles that are aligned…

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Cloud Data Center Security Working Group

As a critical infrastructure for Cloud Computing, it is essential to review the security measures of Cloud Data Center. The Cloud Data Center Security working group aims to develop and maintain a research portfolio providing capabilities to assist the cloud provider industry in enhancing their Data Centers’ security such as through the infrastructure security and…

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Cloud Data Governance Working Group

The mission of this group is to design a universal set of principles and map these to emerging technologies and techniques for ensuring the privacy, confidentiality, availability, integrity and security of data across private and public clouds. Working Group Scope and Responsibilities Propose a data governance framework to ensure the privacy, availability, integrity and overall…

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Cloud Security Services Management Working Group

Collaboration and coordination among all stakeholders are critical to secure the cloud platform. The current gap is that there is no defined guideline dividing the security roles and responsibilities between the Cloud Service Providers (CSPs) and Cloud customers; on how to secure Cloud services in different Cloud deployment models. This is especially the case for…

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Cloud Vulnerabilities Working Group

Founded by the CSA APAC region in May 2013, the CSA Cloud Vulnerabilities Working Group is global working group chartered to conduct research in the area of cloud computing vulnerabilities, with the goals of understanding and educating the classification and exact causes of cloud computing vulnerabilities, recommendations and best practices for the reduction of top…

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CloudAudit Working Group

The goal of CloudAudit is to provide a common interface and namespace that allows enterprises who are interested in streamlining their audit processes (cloud or otherwise) as well as cloud computing providers to automate the Audit, Assertion, Assessment, and Assurance of their infrastructure (IaaS), platform (PaaS), and application (SaaS) environments and allow authorized consumers of…

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CloudCISC Working Group

Member Access to CloudCISC Exchange CSA corporate members receive 2 free seats for the CloudCISC threat intelligence exchange. Please go to to request access. The Mandate Organizations are increasingly overwhelmed by information security attacks with huge consequences in financial, legal and reputational damage. Malicious actors collaborate with skill and agility, effectively moving from target…

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CloudTrust Working Group

We want to improve trust in the cloud through transparency and assurance. A trusted cloud is defined as a cloud service or Cloud Service Provider (CSP) that implements standards of governance, management, and security while also meeting a minimum set of requirements aimed at increasing the confidence of Cloud Service Customers (CSCs). Tactical implementation of…

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CloudTrust Protocol Working Group

The CloudTrust Protocol (CTP) is the mechanism by which cloud service consumers (also known as “cloud users” or “cloud service owners”) ask for and receive information about the elements of transparency as applied to cloud service providers. The primary purpose of the CTP and the elements of transparency is to generate evidence-based confidence that everything…

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Consensus Assessments Working Group

Lack of security control transparency is a leading inhibitor to the adoption of cloud services. The Cloud Security Alliance Consensus Assessments Initiative (CAI) was launched to perform research, create tools and create industry partnerships to enable cloud computing assessments. We are focused on providing industry-accepted ways to document what security controls exist in IaaS, PaaS,…

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Containers and Microservices Working Group

The mission of the CSA Application Containers and Microservices working group is to conduct research on the security of application containers and microservices and publish guidance and best practices for the secure use of application containers and microservices.

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Enterprise Architecture Working Group

The Enterprise Architecture helps cloud providers develop industry-recommended, secure and interoperable identity, access and compliance management configurations, and practices. The Enterprise Architecture Working Group will develop reference models and education in a vendor-neutral manner, inclusive of all CSA members and affiliates who wish to participate. The Enterprise Architecture is both a methodology and a set…

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Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Security Working Group

CSA Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Security Working Group seeks to develop best practices to enable organizations that run their business on large ERP implementations, such as SAP or Oracle applications, to securely migrate to and operate in cloud environments. Every ERP deployment is something that is unique to each organization. In most cases organizations spend…

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Financial Services Stakeholder Platform Working Group

Membership Eligible members are: CSA enterprise customer corporate members operating in the financial institution (FIs) sector CSA solution provider corporate members (Cloud Service Providers). Additional fees apply, for more info contact: Contact [email protected] financial services regulators / supervisory authority / central banks (Regulators), and for the CSA Enterprise Customer Members operating in the financial sectors.…

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Health Information Management Working Group

The Health Information Management Working Group (HIWG) within the Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) has been designated to provide direct influence on how health information service providers deliver secure cloud solutions (services, transport, applications and storage) to their clients, and foster cloud awareness within all aspects of healthcare and related industries. The efforts are jointly executed…

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Incident Management and Forensics Working Group

The Incident Management and Forensics Working Group serves as a focal point for the examination of incident handling and forensics in cloud environments. We seek to develop best practices that consider the legal, technical, and procedural elements involved in responding in a forensically sound way to security incidents in the cloud.

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Innovation Working Group

The CSA Innovation Working Group was created to foster secure innovation in information technology. Our mission is to: Identify key structural issues related to trust and security that will inhibit the adoption of next generation information technology. Articulate the guiding principles and objectives that IT innovators must address. Help innovators incubate technology solutions that align…

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Internet of Things Working Group

ITU-T Y.2060 defines the IoT as a “global infrastructure for the information society, enabling advanced services by interconnecting (physical and virtual) things based on existing and evolving interoperable information and communication technologies.” ITU-T Y.2060 also defines a device in the context of the IoT, as a “piece of equipment with the mandatory capabilities of communication…

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Legal Working Group

Confusion about legal issues is one of the biggest issues facing both cloud providers and cloud customers. Laws regarding government access to data vary in respective countries. Laws governing privacy protections for citizens and cross-border export of data also differ according to jurisdiction. There is also a great deal of hype and misinformation around specific…

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Mobile Working Group

Mobile computing is experiencing tremendous growth and adoption, while the devices are gaining significant power and dynamic capabilities. Personally owned mobile devices are increasingly being used to access employers’ systems and cloud-hosted data - both via browser-based and native mobile applications. Clouds of mobile devices are likely to be common. The CSA Mobile working group…

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Open API Working Group

Enterprises are moving towards an IT model in which most business applications are delivered as Software as a Service (SaaS) from Cloud Service Providers (CSPs). The emerging tools and products used to secure these (use cases) business applications are categorized as Cloud Access Security Brokers (CASB) by leading analysts. The goal of the Cloud Security…

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Open Certification Working Group

The CSA Open Certification Working Group is an industry initiative to allow global, accredited, trusted certification of cloud providers. The CSA Open Certification Working Group is a program for flexible, incremental and multi-layered cloud provider certification according to the Cloud Security Alliance’s industry leading security guidance and control objectives. The program will integrate with popular…

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Privacy Level Agreement Working Group

Privacy is one of the top concerns for potential cloud customers. Both Cloud Service Providers (CSPs) and potential users struggle with different data protection legislation across the globe, where the inconsistencies between National legislations represent a significant barrier to a broad adoption of cloud computing. Moreover, privacy compliance has become a fundamental evaluation criterion when…

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Quantum-safe Security Working Group

Modern encryption methods are composed of two parts: an algorithm that encrypts or decrypts our data with a random, secret key, and a method of sharing the secret key between the parties. The encryption algorithm (AES‐256) appears safe, at least for the next 20 to 30 years, based on our current knowledge of cryptographic attacks.…

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SaaS Governance Working Group

Security and privacy are the primary concerns for organisations considering SaaS adoption, and recent research indicates that 77% of SaaS-adopting organizations have experienced SaaS-specific security incidents. SaaS services account for the bulk of the cloud industry market, and any security incident could critically impact cloud customers. SaaS services present unique risks to their cloud customers:…

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Security as a Service Working Group

The mission statement of the Cloud Security Alliance is ". . . to promote the use of best practices for providing security assurance within Cloud Computing, and provide education on the uses of Cloud Computing to help secure all other forms of computing." In order to provide greater focus on the second part of our…

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Security Guidance Working Group

CSA Security Guidance for Critical Areas of Focus in Cloud Computing seeks to establish a stable, secure baseline for cloud operations. This effort provides a practical, actionable roadmap to managers wanting to adopt the cloud paradigm safely and securely. Domains are reviewed to emphasize security, stability, and privacy in a multi-tenant environment. Make a Difference…

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Software Defined Perimeter Working Group

With the adoption of cloud services, the threat of network attacks against application infrastructure increases since servers can not be protected with traditional perimeter defense techniques. The Software Defined Perimeter (SDP) is a research working group that was established in 2013 with the goal to develop a solution to stop network attacks against application infrastructure.…

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Telecom Working Group

The Telecom Working Group within the Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) has been designated to provide direct influence on how to deliver secure cloud solutions and foster cloud awareness within all aspects of Telecommunications. The efforts are jointly executed by CSA Global, Telecom cloud communities (i.e. focus groups, associations, research institutes, forums, academia), Solution Providers and…

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Top Threats Working Group

At an unprecedented pace, cloud computing has simultaneously transformed business and government, and created new security challenges. The development of the cloud service model delivers business-supporting technology more efficiently than ever before. The shift from traditional client/server to service-based models is transforming the way technology departments think about, designing, and delivering computing technology and applications.…

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Virtualization Working Group

Virtualization is a critical part of cloud computing. Virtualization provides an important layer of abstraction from physical hardware, enabling the elasticity and resource pooling commonly associated with cloud. Virtualized operating systems are the backbone of Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). The CSA Security Guidance for Critical Areas of Focus in Cloud Computing focused exclusively on…

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EMEA Research Projects

The CSA EMEA research team is involved in 9 publicly funded projects.

A4Cloud Project

The Cloud Accountability Project (or A4Cloud for short) focuses on the Accountability For Cloud and Other Future Internet Services as the most critical prerequisite for effective governance and control of corporate and private data processed by cloud-based IT services. The research being conducted in the project will increase trust in cloud computing by devising methods and tools, through which cloud stakeholders can be made accountable for the privacy and confidentiality of information held in the cloud. These methods and tools will combine risk analysis, policy enforcement, monitoring and compliance auditing. They will contribute to the governance of cloud activities, providing transparency and assisting legal, regulatory and socio-economic policy enforcement.

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CIRRUS Project

Certification, Internationalisation and standardization in cloud security (CIRRUS) project aims to provide “high-level, high-impact” support and coordination for European ICT security research projects. Project activities target joint standardization, certification schemes, link research projects with EU policy and strategy, internationalization, as well as industry best practices and public private cooperation initiatives. The contribution of the CIRRUS project focuses on the cloud security standardization and certification efforts, both within the EU and at an international level, with the goals of supporting on-going research projects and coordinate a dialogue that will lead to a convergence of such efforts.

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CloudWatch Project

CloudWatch will also draw on key issues, disseminate best practices on model contract terms, foster a multi-stakeholder dialogue and facilitate the emergence and use of standard contracts. Thus, raise awareness of the benefits of cloud computing to major stakeholder groups: enterprises, especially SMEs; governments and public authorities; research and education institutions.

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CloudWatch 2 Project

One of the objectives of the Digital Single Market Strategy is creating long-term growth potential. Europe needs a digital market that allows new business models to flourish, start-ups to grow and industry to innovate and compete on a global scale. The European Commission’s programme for Software, Services and Cloud gives companies and research institutions the freedom to innovate technically in cloud computing. This is how European research and innovation initiatives bring continuous improvements and deliver services and solutions with increasing value for the digital single market. CloudWatch 2 provides a set of services to help European R&I initiatives capture the value proposition and business case as key to boosting the European economy.

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CUMULUS framework will bring service users, service providers and cloud suppliers to work together with certification authorities in order to ensure security certificate validity in the ever-changing cloud environment.

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Helix Nebula Project

Helix Nebula was a new, pioneering partnership between big science and big business in Europe that is charting the course towards the sustainable provision of cloud computing - the Science Cloud.

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PICSE Project

The growth in cloud services is exploding, but procurement contracting has not kept up the pace. As a result, most people required to write cloud contracts for their organization have encountered many issues. The opportunity for cloud service providers on the supply side is widely recognised and this can potentially have enormous impact on the delivery of services across the public sector. However, procurement in the public sector is bound by procedures and is not tailored to the dynamic, on-demand and elastic nature of cloud services. There is therefore a need to focus on new ways of procuring cloud-based services.

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SLAReady Project

SLA-Ready aims to provide common understanding of Service Level Agreements (SLAs) for Cloud services with greater standardisation and transparency so firms can make an informed decision on what services to use, what to expect and what to trust. SLA-Ready services will support SMEs with practical guides, and a social marketplace, encouraging them to carefully plan their journey and make it strategic through an informed, stepping-stone approach, so the Cloud and applications grow with their business.

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SPECS Project

The Secure Provisioning of Cloud Services based on SLA Management (SPECS) project aims at developing and implementing an open source framework to offer Security-as-a-Service, by relying on the notion of security parameters specified in Service Level Agreements (SLA), and also providing the techniques to systematically manage their life-cycle. Providing comprehensible and enforceable security assurance by Cloud Service Providers (CSP) is a critical factor to deploy trustworthy Cloud ecosystems.

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APAC Research Projects

The CSA APAC research team is involved in 1 publicly funded project.


STRATUS project, a six-year, NZ $12.2 million cyber security project funded by the Ministry of Business, Innovation, and Employment. Led by the University of Waikato, CSA is part of the consortium that was awarded the funding and the work which began in November 2014. STRATUS, which is an acronym for Security Technologies Returning Accountability, Transparency and User-centric Services in the Cloud, is an ambitious project that intends to create a suite of novel security tools, techniques and capabilities that will return control of data to cloud computing users. More importantly, it aims to put New Zealand ICT industry onto the world map capitalizing on the global trend in cloud computing, cybersecurity and data analytics.

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Initiative Details Date Opened

PLA v3 Code of Conduct

April 21, 2017 Contribute now

Top Threats 2017 Refresh – Anecdotes and Examples

This document serves as an update of anecdotes for the research published by the CSA Top Threats Working Group in 2016 (The Treacherous 12: Cloud Computing Top Threats in 2016). This Top Threats 2017 Refresh Document contains 21 anecdotes and examples of recent incidents or developments that relate to the 12 categories of security issues mentioned in the 2016 document.

April 18, 2017 Contribute now

Examining the Use of Blockchain Technology for a Secure IoT

The IoT Working Group research explores use cases on the applicability of
blockchain technology to secure the Internet of Things. Use cases include
using blockchain in the discovery, communication, authentication, and
configuration of components in an IoT system.

March 13, 2017 Contribute now

Mobile Working Group Security Guidance for Critical Areas of Mobile Computing

January 12, 2017 Contribute now

SDP Specification v2.0

With increased awareness and demand for SDP solutions, the specification
document will be updated to include the latest best practices, new
architectures, and applications of SDP.

December 22, 2016 Contribute now

Top Threats to Cloud Computing Update 2016-2017

December 04, 2016 Contribute now

Defined Categories of Security as a Service – Continuous Monitoring as a Service

February 03, 2016 Contribute now

Financial Services Working Group Charter

October 12, 2015 Contribute now

Open API Working Group Charter

October 12, 2015 Contribute now

Health Information Management Working Group Charter

October 12, 2015 Contribute now

CloudCISC Working Group Charter

October 06, 2015 Contribute now

Cloud Data Governance Working Group Charter

October 06, 2015 Contribute now

Open API Charter

June 08, 2015 Contribute now

Security Guidance for Critical Areas of Focus in Cloud Computing v3.0

May 26, 2015 Contribute now

BYOD – Legal Analysis & Practical TIPs

March 30, 2015 Contribute now

Privacy Level Agreement Version 2

November 18, 2014 Contribute now

Cloud Broker Working Group Proposed Charter

The CSA Cloud Broker Working Group will address the above challenges through intelligent market outreach, aligning brokers with cloud governance best practices, documenting use cases, identifying standards requirements, and creating other innovative research artifacts.

July 21, 2014 Contribute now

SLA Guidance

Service Level Agreements (SLA) represents a key component of any cloud service agreement and the concept, upon first glance, appears to be easy to understand: a commitment to performance on the part of the Cloud Service Provider (CSP) to the Cloud Service User (CSU). The reality is that while the concept is simple, the application, enforcement and the monitoring is not.

February 28, 2014 Contribute now

Next Generation SIEM

The capabilities of today’s modern SIEM infrastructures have already changed compared with traditional SIEMs that enterprises used to deploy 5 years ago (extended functions like compliance monitoring, broader input from additional event sources, different ways to store and access data, less complex to set-up and operate). But the evolution is ongoing and there is a broad discussion about what the next generation SIEM technology should be able to deliver and how. While Cloud environments might introduces more complexity (virtualization layer, distributed infrastructure, federated applications, …) and thus are more complex to monitor by a SIEM, at the same time the cloud “technology” and SecaaS based SIEM services create new opportunities for enterprises and the Cloud can help in storing and processing the increasing amount of data captured by SIEMs.

July 03, 2013 Contribute now